EQ: What lessons might we take from successful (and unsuccessful) OCL Institutional Innovations and from the concept of the Community of Practice (CoP)?
“Communities of practice are groups of people who share a concern, a set of problems, or a passion about a topic, and who deepen their knowledge and expertise in this area by interacting on an ongoing basis…These people don’t necessarily work together every day, but the meet because they find value in their interactions. As they spend time together, they typically share information, insight and advice. They help each other solve problems” (Harasim, 2012).
YouTube and Wikipedia are examples of successful concepts of CoPs. As the textbook examples states, CoP is a gathering of people talk, learn and share experiences. Although the term was coined in the 1990’s, the custom of human showing each other how to do things has been around for a long time.
This week we talked about two different, but also similar methods of OCL Institutional Innovations cMOOCs and xMOOCs. “cMOOCs focus on knowledge creation and generation, whereas xMOOCs focus on knowledge duplication” (George Siemens).
The “c” in cMOOC term stands for connectivist. This method involves the groups of people learning together versus being instructor by one individual. cMOOCs examples are learning communities, social media and blogs that contain content and promote interaction among the participants. The cMOOC structure is centered on a community of students and have been said that they eliminate the teacher-student interactions and furthermore limit student-to-student collaborations.
XMOOC is based on the more traditional format of a standard classroom. The often contain recorded lecture, quizzes, and exams. The XMOOC format is professor focused. Examples xMOOCs are platforms: edX, Coursera, and Udacity.
In my life’s work, I often use the cMOOC for independent learning, although most of my University classes seem to align with the XMOOC framework. I have used CodeAcademy to learn a new programming language to a new project. I have often googled complex math problems to see a recorded lecture on how to work calculus problems as well.
Harasim, Linda. (2012). Learning Theory and Online Technologies
DegreeofFreedom. (2013, April 29). xMOOC vs. cMOOC. Retrieved on September 29, 2016 from http://degreeoffreedom.org/xmooc-vs-cmooc/
Bates, Tony. (2014, October 13). Comparing xMOOCs and cMOOCs: philosophy and practice. Retrieved on September 29, 2016 from http://www.tonybates.ca/2014/10/13/comparing-xmoocs-and-cmoocs-philosophy-and-practice/
Unknown. (n.d.). What is the Difference Between xMOOCs and cMOOCs? Retrieved on September 29, 2016 from http://blogs.onlineeducation.touro.edu/distinguishing-between-cmoocs-and-xmoocs/